Column Footing is also famous as independent footing. An independent footing is one which is provided under a column or either similar member for distributing concentrated load in the form of uniformly loads on the soil below. The footing may be square, rectangular or circular in plan. Depending upon the load to be carried and the bearing capacity of soil, this may be of brick masonry, stone, R.C.C., steel grill-age etc. On account of low bending strength the footings constructed with brick, stone or plain concrete require considerable depth to be safe to carry heavy loads. The depth of plain concrete footing can be appreciably reduced by providing reinforcements at its base to take up tensile stresses. R.C.C. column footings may be circular, rectangular or square in plan. The footing is reinforced both-ways by means of mild steel ribbed bars placed at right angles to one another at equal distances apart.

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